In the vein of Alan Brinkley's The Publisher: Henry Luce and His American Century and Katharine Graham's Personal History comes the first comprehensive chronicle of the Medill family--a riveting true story of the country's first media dynasty whose power and influence shaped the story of America for four generations.
Publishers Weekly® Reviews
- Reviewed in: Publishers Weekly, page .
- Review Date: 2011-06-20
- Reviewer: Staff
Ink, booze and eccentricity flow through a newspaper dynasty's veins in this lively, gossipy clan bio. Journalist McKinney chronicles four generations of Medills, including patriarch Joseph Medill, owner of the Chicago Tribune and confidant of Lincoln; his grandsons, legendary Trib publisher Col. Robert McCormick and New York Daily News founder Joseph Patterson, one an archconservative, the other a socialist who dressed like a hobo; and Patterson's daughter, Alicia, aviatrix, big-game hunter, and founder of Newsday. There's lots of rambunctious newspapering lore, from Patterson's invention of the sex-and-sleaze tabloid formula to bloody circulation wars in which rival Chicago papers hired gangsters to gun down each other's vendors. But McKinney is more taken with the family's glitzy, scandal-strewn private lives, offering succulent stories of alcoholism, suicides, extra-marital affairs, luxurious country houses, and glittering imperial balls. (The prize for melodrama goes to Patterson's sister Cissy, another headstrong debutante turned pioneering newspaperwoman: married to a handsome Polish count who borrowed money, beat her, and kidnapped their daughter, she finally got the czar himself to intervene.) Like her subjects, McKinney blends canny fact-finding, well-paced narrative and colorful detail into a compulsively readable confection. Photos. (Oct.)
Extra! Extra! Breaking news on a newspaper dynasty
Joseph Medill was one of the great journalists of 19th-century America. A fervent abolitionist, confidant of Lincoln and mayor of Chicago, his last words were reportedly, “What is the news this morning?” His descendants continued that tradition, playing extraordinary roles in shaping and transforming newspapers and other media well into the 20th century. As Megan McKinney demonstrates in her compulsively readable The Magnificent Medills, their achievements were accompanied by fierce competition, disappointment and tragedy, including alcoholism, drug abuse and suicide.
Joseph Medill moved to Chicago in 1855 to be part owner of the Chicago Daily Tribune and the paper’s managing editor. Many years later, during Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration, three of his grandchildren, Cissy Patterson, Joseph Patterson and Robert McCormick, controlled the newspapers with the largest circulations in three of the country’s most important markets: New York, Chicago and Washington. They were carrying on their grandfather’s way of personal journalism—although they were leading their readers in different directions.
Joseph Patterson became a socialist, as well as a notable novelist and playwright. At the Tribune, he was responsible for the well-received Sunday edition and the development of the modern comic strip. He went on to create a new kind of newspaper, The New York Daily News, which became the most successful newspaper in the country’s history. He was a rock of support for his sister Cissy throughout her glamorous, though often troubled, life. First widely known as an international socialite, much later she became editor and publisher of the Washington Herald, in a city where she was well connected. Colonel Robert McCormick, meanwhile, remained at the Chicago Tribune. Almost alone, he designed the structure of the Tribune Company of his time, which thrived and allowed him to promote his very conservative political views.
Despite their different paths, the three grandchildren had much in common. McKinney describes each of them as “complex and eccentric, a product of atrocious parenting. The collective childhood of the cousins had created demons that would mature with time, leaving each with an insistent—and ultimately fatal—need for alcohol.”
With its backdrop of wealth and power, The Magnificent Medills reads almost like a rich historical novel. It just happens to be true.