Barksdale's Charge : The True High Tide of the Confederacy at Gettysburg, July 2, 1863
Overview - On the third day of Gettysburg, Robert E. Lee launched a magnificent attack. For pure pageantry it was unsurpassed, and it also marked the centerpiece of the war, both time-wise and in terms of how the conflict had turned a corner from persistent Confederate hopes to impending Rebel despair. Read more...
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More About Barksdale's Charge by Ph.D. Phillip Thomas Tucker
On the third day of Gettysburg, Robert E. Lee launched a magnificent attack. For pure pageantry it was unsurpassed, and it also marked the centerpiece of the war, both time-wise and in terms of how the conflict had turned a corner from persistent Confederate hopes to impending Rebel despair. But Pickett s Charge was crushed by the Union defenders that day, having never had a chance in the first place.The Confederacy s real high tide at Gettysburg had come the afternoon before, during the swirling conflagration when Longstreet s corps first entered the battle, when the Federals just barely held on. The foremost Rebel spearhead on that second day of the battle was Barksdale s Mississippi brigade, which launched what one (Union) observer called the "grandest charge that was ever seen by mortal man. Barksdale s brigade was already renowned in the Army of Northern Virginia for its stand-alone fights at Fredericksburg. On the second day of Gettysburg it was just champing at the bit to go in. The Federal left was not as vulnerable as Lee had envisioned, but had cooperated with Rebel wishes by extending its Third Corps into a salient. Hood s crack division was launched first, seizing Devil s Den, climbing Little Round Top, and hammering in the wheatfield.Then Longstreet began to launch McLaws division, and finally gave Barksdale the go-ahead. The Mississippians, with their white-haired commander on horseback at their head, utterly crushed the peach orchard salient and continued marauding up to Cemetery Ridge. Hancock, Meade, and other Union generals desperately struggled to find units to stem the Rebel tide. One of Barksdale s regiments, the 21st Mississippi, veered off from the brigade in the chaos, rampaging across the field, overrunning Union battery after battery. The collapsing Federals had to gather men from four different corps to try to stem the onslaught.Barksdale himself was killed at the apex of his advance. Darkness, as well as Confederate exhaustion, finally ended the day s fight as the shaken, depleted Federal units on their heights took stock. They had barely held on against the full ferocity of the Rebels, on a day that decided the fate of the nation. Barksdale s Charge describes the exact moment when the Confederacy reached its zenith, and the soldiers of the Northern states just barely succeeded in retaining their perfect Union.Phillip Thomas Tucker, Ph.D. Has authored or edited over 20 books on various aspects of the American experience, especially in the fields of Civil War, Irish, African-American, Revolutionary, and Southern history. A native of St. Louis, Missouri, he has earned three degrees in American history, including a Ph.D. From St. Louis University in 1990. For over two decades, Dr. Tucker served as a military historian for the U.S. Air Force. He currently lives in the vicinity of Washington, DC.REVIEWS "Phillip Tucker's well-researched book provides a breathless account of what one Union officer called 'the grandest charge ever seen by mortal man.' . . . Some 1,600 men raced across Emmitsburg Road and into the Peach Or zenith. Presenting an exhilarating narrative based on rigorous re-interpretation of historical sources, scholars and lay readers will soon recognize the Southern nation s high water mark as the second day at Gettysburg. Darryl E. Brock, co-author of Cubans in the Confederacya valuable read for those interested in the Civil War, and an absolute necessity for students of Gettysburg. Strategy Page/ Nymas Barksdale s Charge tells a tale of immense valor at the brigade level frustrated by the ill-coordinated tactical decisions of division and corps commanders: while the army s commander and his top lieutenant had been badly outgeneraled on July 2, the Mississippi Brigade had not been out-fought by any unit on either side (244). Hood wrote after the war, Thus it was that the 21st Mississippi Regiment bore the Stars and Bars to the very farthest point reached in the enemy s line on the bloody field of Gettysburg (243). Meade wrote in his after-battle report that Sickles unauthorized advance to the Peach Orchard was an error which nearly proved fatal in the battle (259). Phillip Tucker has demonstrated in detail the truth of these judgments.Michigan War Studies Review The author of the acclaimed Exodus from the Alamo does more mythbusting in this superbly argued book. Armchair Generalchard, assaulted the salient created by Sickles' move forward, and drove Union forces back more than a mile. . . . But the complete breach of Maj. Gen. George Meade's left-center, and an unobstructed path to Cemetery Ridge, was not to be." Civil War Times"Launched from Seminary Ridge in the late afternoon as part of Longstreet's assault, Barksdale's brigade, with Barksdale himself riding at the head, overran the Sherfy farm and the Peach Orchard, captured the Trostle farm, and very nearly broke through the wreckage of the 3rd Corps to the Taneytown Road. In that event, the Army of the Potomac might have had little option but retreat. . . .Barksdale, frantic at how near he was to a complete breakthrough, was cut down by Union bullets. . . . Phillip Thomas Tucker takes up Barksdale's cause with a vigor that would certainly have won the old fire-eater's approval." Alan C. Guelzo, author of the New York Times bestseller Gettysburg: The Last Invasion, in "Civil War News"Though long overshadowed by the more famous Pickett-Pettigrew-Trimble Charge of July 3, the advance of Barksdale's men from Seminary Ridge, through the Peach Orchard, and across Plum Run toward Cemetery Ridge has been referred to as "the grandest charge ever seen by mortal man." Here for the first time is the story of Barksdale's Mississippians and their gallant charge told with the detail and passion it so richly deserves. Phil Tucker has produced a wonderful addition to the library of the most discerning Gettysburg collector."Terrence Winschel, Historian (retired), Vicksburg National Military Park, Vicksburg, Mississippi"While Pickett s Charge, on day three of Gettysburg, has received numerous book-length treatments and become a phrase for the ages, Barksdale s charge the day before has not. Gen. William Barksdale, former secessionist U.S. Congressman, was in command of four Mississippi regiments in Lt. Gen. James Longstreet s corps, directed to attack from the woods, wheel northward, and break the Union lines. Barksdale got the go-ahead to charge as dusk approached. On his horse driving his troops onward, he seemed to have the Federals on the run. It was this moment, says Tucker quite reasonably, that was really the high-water mark for the Confederacy rather than Pickett s Charge the next day. Had Barksdale paused to regroup and then charge again, perhaps, perhaps.... But he spurred his troops on, was mortally wounded, and the Union forces were able to hold on to fight another day. Tucker sets his narrative within the context of the battles and personalities leading up to that day s near victory for the Confederacy." Library Journal..".Tucker gives a good sense of the men who led and fought in the Mississippi Brigade, He provides excellent detail on the areas they came from, as well as their socio-economic, demographic, religious and work backgrounds.... well researched and well written. It is an excellent addition to the library of those interested in the Battle of Gettysburg and Civil War enthusiasts in general.Blue and Gray Vol XXX11, #2Thanks to Tucker s incisive analysis of the facts surrounding Gettysburg, Barksdale s Mississippians will now stand tall, claiming from Pickett s Virginians long-deserved recognition for having achieved the Confederacy s true thoroughly researched, analysis of the attack by Brigadier General William Barksdale's Mississippi Brigade against Union forces in the Peach Orchard on the afternoon of July 2 presents substantial evidence for his claim that Barksdale's attack "came closer to achieving decisive success and winning it all for the Confederacy than any other assault of the battle." takes a detailed look at an event in a battle about which so much has been written. Gordon Berg, The Civil War Round Table of the District of Columbia Wonderful writing with splendid pacing propels the author s vivid account of Barksdale s charge and the precise moment t he confederate case reached its apex on the day that truly decided the state of the Union and the fate of the nation ToySoldier and Model Figure.."a well researched, very readable book..an enjoyable read. The history of the Mississippi brigade and its contributions is worth the purchase price. I think the historians have already decided Pickett charge was more important than Barksdale s, but it made me reevaluate"Kepler's Military History This is a superb book covering the charge that was made by Barksdale s Mississippians on July 2nd, 1863. This is a must have book for your Confederate library. Lone Star"