Poland is a land whose boundaries and people have been divided and redivided by conquering nations throughout its long and tumultuous history. Only now, as it enters the 21st century, is it a stable democracy with a bright economic and political future. This compassionately written history provides readers with a clear understanding of Poland's complex history from its origins in the Middle Ages through the end of the 20th century and is ideal for student research. It is the most up-to-date history of Poland available. Biskupski, an expert on the history of Poland, provides an overview of Poland today, its geographic, economic and political realities, a timeline of significant events in its history, and chronologically organized chapters on its history from the heritage of Old Poland to the rise of the Third Republic and the current situation as Poland enters the 21st century. Ready reference materials include short biographical sketches of important people in the history of Poland, a glossary, and a bibliographic essay.