Who invented God? When, why, and where? Thomas Romer seeks to answer these questions about the deity of the great monotheisms--Yhwh, God, or Allah--by tracing Israelite beliefs and their context from the Bronze Age to the end of the Old Testament period in the third century BCE.Read more...
Who invented God? When, why, and where? Thomas Romer seeks to answer these questions about the deity of the great monotheisms--Yhwh, God, or Allah--by tracing Israelite beliefs and their context from the Bronze Age to the end of the Old Testament period in the third century BCE.
That we can address such enigmatic questions at all may come as a surprise. But as Romer makes clear, a wealth of evidence allows us to piece together a reliable account of the origins and evolution of the god of Israel. Romer draws on a long tradition of historical, philological, and exegetical work and on recent discoveries in archaeology and epigraphy to locate the origins of Yhwh in the early Iron Age, when he emerged somewhere in Edom or in the northwest of the Arabian peninsula as a god of the wilderness and of storms and war. He became the sole god of Israel and Jerusalem in fits and starts as other gods, including the mother goddess Asherah, were gradually sidelined. But it was not until a major catastrophe--the destruction of Jerusalem and Judah--that Israelites came to worship Yhwh as the one god of all, creator of heaven and earth, who nevertheless proclaimed a special relationship with Judaism.
A masterpiece of detective work and exposition by one of the world's leading experts on the Hebrew Bible, The Invention of God casts a clear light on profoundly important questions that are too rarely asked, let alone answered.
- ISBN-13: 9780674504974
- ISBN-10: 0674504976
- Publisher: Harvard University Press
- Publish Date: December 2015
- Page Count: 320
- Dimensions: 9.4 x 6.4 x 1.1 inches
- Shipping Weight: 1.3 pounds
Publishers Weekly® Reviews
- Reviewed in: Publishers Weekly, page .
- Review Date: 2016-01-11
- Reviewer: Staff
Römer (Writing the Bible) deftly weaves together evidence from the Bible with extra-biblical archeological finds that mention Israel and Yhwh to outline the development of monotheism. Focusing on Yhwh, Römer traces Israel's god from the war gods of the Midianites, Edomites, and other nearby groups. Covering roughly a thousand years of history, starting circa 1,300 BCE, Möller documents that the Hebrews began by worshipping multiple gods, including the female deity Asherah, described in at least one extra-biblical inscription as the Yhwh's consort. In the ninth and eighth centuries, "Ywhw definitively became the head of the pantheon." Not until Jerusalem's destruction in 587 BCE did Yhwh become the universal, monotheistic god untied to place or particular monarch, the god who was later adopted by Christians and Muslims. Römer writes with clarity and accuracy and tells a compelling story. This book is a masterful work, tying together an enormous amount of information in a concise format. The level of detail may be daunting for the layperson, but scholars and interested readers will not be disappointed with this fine synopsis. (Dec.)