A hugely important book that solely and fully explores for the first time the complex partnership during World War II between FDR and Stalin, by the editor of My Dear Mr. Stalin: The Complete Correspondence of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph V.Read more...
A hugely important book that solely and fully explores for the first time the complex partnership during World War II between FDR and Stalin, by the editor of My Dear Mr. Stalin: The Complete Correspondence of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph V. Stalin ( History owes a debt to Susan Butler for the collection and annotation of these exchanges Arthur Schlesinger, Jr).
Making use of previously classified materials from the Russian State Archive of Social and Political History, and the Archive of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Federation, as well as the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and three hundred hot war messages between Roosevelt and Stalin, Butler tells the story of how the leader of the capitalist world and the leader of the Communist world became more than allies of convenience during World War II. Butler reassess in-depth how the two men became partners, how they shared the same outlook for the postwar world, and how they formed an uneasy but deep friendship, shaping the world s political stage from the war to the decades leading up to and into the new century.
Roosevelt and Stalin tells of the first face-to-face meetings of the two leaders over four days in December 1943 at Tehran, in which the Allies focused on the next phases of the war against the Axis Powers in Europe and Asia; of Stalin s agreement to launch another major offensive on the Eastern Front; and of his agreement to declare war against Japan following the Allied victory over Germany.
Butler writes of the weeklong meeting at Yalta in February of 1945, two months before Roosevelt s death, where the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany was agreed on and postwar Europe was reorganized, and where Stalin agreed to participate in Roosevelt s vision of the United Nations.
The book makes clear that Roosevelt worked hard to win Stalin over, pursuing the Russian leader, always holding out the promise that Roosevelt s own ideas were the best bet for the future peace and security of Russia; however, Stalin was not at all sure that Roosevelt s concept of a world organization, even with police powers, would be enough to keep Germany from starting a third world war, but we see how Stalin s view of Roosevelt evolved, how he began to see FDR as the key to a peaceful world.
Butler s book is the first to show how FDR pushed Stalin to reinstate religion in the Soviet Union, which he did in 1943; how J. Edgar Hoover derailed the U.S.-planned establishment of an OSS intelligence mission in Moscow and a Soviet counterpart in America before the 1944 election; and that Roosevelt had wanted to involve Stalin in the testing of the atomic bomb at Alamogardo, New Mexico.
We see how Roosevelt s death deeply affected Stalin. Averell Harriman, American ambassador to the Soviet Union, reported that the Russian premier was more disturbed than I had ever seen him, and said to Harriman, President Roosevelt has died but his cause must live on. We shall support President Truman with all our forces and all our will. And the author explores how Churchill s and Truman s mutual mistrust and provocation of Stalin resulted in the Cold War.
A fascinating, revelatory portrait of this crucial, world-changing partnership.
- ISBN-13: 9780307594853
- ISBN-10: 0307594858
- Publisher: Alfred a Knopf Inc
- Publish Date: March 2015
- Page Count: 594
- Dimensions: 1.75 x 6.75 x 9.75 inches
- Shipping Weight: 2.28 pounds
Publishers Weekly® Reviews
- Reviewed in: Publishers Weekly, page .
- Review Date: 2015-01-05
- Reviewer: Staff
Butler, editor of My Dear Mr. Stalin, a collection of correspondences between F.D.R. and Stalin, focuses on the complex negotiations that F.D.R. orchestrated in order to create a version of Woodrow Wilson’s failed League of Nations, in this illuminating and exhaustive book. F.D.R. had been developing a proposal for the United Nations as early as 1939, but in order to succeed where Wilson failed, he understood that he needed the cooperation of the world’s other rising power: Russia. Earning Stalin’s trust required F.D.R. to carefully manage the wartime alliance among America, the U.S.S.R., and Great Britain, a three-way relationship rife with tension and distrust thanks to the antipathy between Churchill and Stalin. What’s most surprising in Butler’s narrative is the warmth that blossomed between Stalin and Roosevelt: a partnership born out of strategic necessity, which transformed into a mutual respect instrumental in winning the war and establishing the United Nations. Despite unnecessary minutiae, Butler effectively demonstrates that there was no greater mediator and champion of peace than Roosevelt, whose sudden death in the final months WWII robbed the world of perhaps the man who could have averted the Cold War. (Mar.)