One of the foremost figures of Western intellectual thought in the late 19th century, John Stuart Mill offered up examinations of human rights, personal and societal rights and responsibilities, and the striving for individual happiness that continue to impact our philosophies, both private and political, to this day. In this, his definitive work, Mill lays the groundwork for his philosophy: his theory of names and naming, his general characterization of reasoning and inference, his ideas on "necessary truths," his thinking on the laws of nature, his deductive method, and much more. First published in 1843, this is a replica of the 1886 "People's Edition," and is essential reading for students of Mill in particular and of 19th-century philosophy in general. English philosopher and politician JOHN STUART MILL (1806-1873) served as an administrator in the East Indian Company from 1823 to 1858, and as a member of parliament from 1865 to 1868. Among his essays on a wide range of political and social thought are Principles of Political Economy (1848), Considerations on Representative Government (1861), and The Subjection of Women (1869).