A broad array of new engineered materials, with intricate atomic and molecular architecture for sophisticated functional applications in the computer and electronics industries, is under development. For this purpose, there is an urgent need for novel methods for precisely controlling the morphology of particulate materials. This book represents an extended introductory treatise on the fundamental aspects, new methods for the precise control of morphology (size, shape, composition, structure etc.) and accurate materials characterization, from both the basic science and the applied engineering viewpoints. This is the first major compilation of new advances covering the current status and topics related to the processing and production of precisely controlled materials. It provides a unique source of information and guidance for specialists and non-specialists alike.